Did you know that there are dozens of different types of pineapples? The pineapples you find at your local grocery store or farmer’s market may look similar, but there is actually far more than meets the eye. Dozens of different varieties are grown all across Brazil, Thailand, Phillipines, Costa Rica, Hawaii, and more. Likely, the type of pineapple sold at your grocery store varies as to which part of the world you live in. Regardless of which variety they are, pineapples are a delicious treat — whether they’re chopped up in a salad, blended up into a smoothie, or covered in chocolate. Try our Pineapple Drip Cakes™ And Swizzle Berries® for a pineapple treat so decadent, your mouth will water.
What Makes Pineapple Varieties Different?
Pineapple, also known as Ananas comosus, is a shallow rooted tropical plant that grows two to four feet tall. Pineapples are a widely recognized fruit, but many people don’t realize that they’re a compound fruit – a fruit that develops from many smaller fruits which fuse together around a central stalk. They grow best at a temperature of 65 to 75 degrees. Different types of pineapples are grown in different parts of the world. The types vary according to size, shape, color, and more.
Pineapples are mostly grouped into into four main classes: Smooth Cayenne, Red Spanish, Queen, and Abacaxi, but there are some outliers that don’t fit into any of these classes. Some varieties are more resistant to disease and are better for commercial transport, while others are more tender and cannot be shipped long distances. Pineapple varieties also differ as to sweetness, acidity, and fiber content.
Top 10 Different Types of Pineapples
There are more than 37 types of pineapples grown across the world, each with its own unique set of characteristics. Here’s a little bit about each of the ten most popular types of pineapples.
1. Abacaxi Pineapples
Abacaxi pineapples are very sweet and quite resistant to disease, making them a very popular crop to grow. They weigh anywhere from two to eleven pounds. They’re spiny and tall, and their flesh is nearly translucent in color. They’re delicious, but too delicate for commercial purposes.
2. Queen Pineapples
Found mostly in Australia and South Africa, Queen pineapples are dark-yellow with a small core. The Queen pineapple has a pleasant aroma and flavor, but does not can well. Instead, they’re better eaten fresh. Queen pineapples are more tolerant of diseases and cold temperatures than other types of pineapple.
3. Red Spanish Pineapples
Aptly named, Red Spanish pineapples are orange-red in color and are grown in the Caribbean. It produces fruit that has a light-yellow color and an aromatic flavor. They’re sturdy and high in fiber, but aren’t as tender as other varieties.
4. Smooth Cayenne Pineapples
Smooth Cayenne pineapples are likely the ones you’d find in a typical food store in the United States. They’re the main type of pineapple grown in Hawaii, and are bigger than most other varieties, weighing in at four to ten pounds. They feature a distinctive yellow flesh and are very juicy.
5. Pernambuco Pineapples
Pernambuco pineapples are mostly grown in Brazil. They’re white, tender, and juicy with a mild flavor. They’re yellow both inside and out and feature distinctive long, spiny leaves.
6. Mordilona Pineapples
Mordilona pineapples are grown in the northeastern Andes of Colombia and Venezuela. They’re large, irregular, and cylindrical with a yellow to orange peel. The flesh is cream-colored and sweet.
7. Kona Sugarloaf
Kona Sugarloaf is a type of Smooth Cayenne pineapple. It features white flesh with a high sugar content and no acidity. It’s unusually sweet and delicious. One distinctive feature of this type of pineapple is that its core isn’t woody, but is tender and completely edible.
Brecheche pineapples are small, cylinder-shaped, and olive colored. The plant is completely spike-free. The flesh of Brecheche is yellow, very fragrant, and juicy with a small core.
9. Singapore Red
Signapore Red pineapples feature green leaves with a reddish stripe at the end. The fruits are reddish, cylindrical, and small with golden-yellow flesh. They’re disease and pest-resistant and are great for canning.
No matter what variety of pineapple you choose, it’s sure to be delicious. Try our Chocolate Dipped Pineapple Daisies® Box for an amazing pineapple treat. It includes twelve delectable chocolate covered pineapple daisies. Delish!