Peonies feature large, impressive flowers that can be enjoyed in the garden or as cut flowers. These spring-blooming shrubs are extremely hardy and grow in virtually any temperate climate with little effort. The Paeonia genus contains hundreds of varieties, some of which have been in cultivation for thousands of years. Most varieties of peonies have pink or white flowers, but there are also purple, red, and yellow varieties.
Different Types of Peony Flowers
Peony plants fall into one of three categories: herbaceous peonies, tree peonies, and intersectional/Itoh peonies, which are a cross between herbaceous and tree types. Herbaceous peonies die back to the ground each year. Tree peonies are woody, deciduous peonies. They lose their foliage in the fall, but their woody stems do not die back. Itoh peonies, a hybrid cross between these two types, do die back to the ground but feature flower and growth characteristics similar to tree peonies.
Peony flowers range from small, delicate blooms to large, pom-pom puffs. There are six types of peony blooms: single, semi-double, full double, Japanese, anemone, and bomb. Single flowers are spread in a saucer shape, while the Japanese flower is of similar shape but includes staminodes (narrow petals) and visible pollen. The anemone type resembles the Japanese, but the staminodes have taken on a petal-like character. Semi-double peonies have more than one row of petals, but the center of the flower is still exposed. Double peonies have multiple rows of petals with the center of the flower completely covered by petals. The bomb type looks like a ball sitting on a plate, with larger petals at the base of the flower and the inner petals forming the ball.
For a bouquet of beautiful flowers just as beautiful as any peony variety, check out our Fresh Celebrations FruitFlowers® Bouquets. It includes a bouquet of beautiful blossoms nestled in gorgeous greenery, plus chocolate covered strawberries topped with crunchy hazelnut, white chocolate drizzle, and white chocolate crispies.
Top 10 Peony Flowers
Peonies are one of the world’s most beautiful flowers, with each variety prettier than the last. Here are ten of the most popular types of peony flowers:
1. Moutan Peony
Moutan peonies feature blooms that look like crinkled crepe paper with a shiny finish in a large variety of colors. The foliage is medium to dark green with deeply cut leaves in a bold pattern.
Paeonia officinalis is a common peony prized for its lavish and beautifully scented blooms. that come in a variety of hues. It is native to mountainous woodlands of Europe but can be grown throughout North America, thriving best in well-maintained soil with direct sunlight.
The hearty paeonia anomala flowers in early May. Flowers are single, cup-shaped, and bright purple with a yellow center. The plant features dark green leaves, each with nine narrow leaflets.
This peony bush produces semi-double to double yellow flowers with a purple flare in the center and a sweet fragrance. They typically measure six to eight inches across. The healthy green foliage of this plant looks great spring through fall, even when the flowers aren’t in bloom.
5. Wild Peony
Wild peony, also known as paeonia mascula, is an upright, herbaceous species. It produces blue-green foliage, with single flowers in a reddish-purple or rose, with bright yellow stamens in the center.
This beautiful variety features large, fragrant, semi-double, fuchsia blooms with bright yellow stamens. Their blooms intensify in color to a deep purple toward the center of the flower. The plant features lush, dark green foliage.
This peony is endemic to southwest California, where it grows on dry hillsides in the coastal mountains. It features beautiful, drooping two-inch deep maroon flowers that bloom in January through March.
Originating from Portugal and Spain, this plant typically grows to one to three feet in height. Its flowers are single, pink blooms with yellow anthers and green to purple-tinged foliage.
This shrubby, herbaceous plant features large crimson flowers up to three inches across. They bloom in mid-season and feature attractive green foliage that’s lobed into thin, ferny segments.
This variety of peony produces blue-green, divided foliage that grows to about two feet tall. Flowers are cup-shaped with a lemon-yellow color and measure around four to five inches in diameter.
These peony flowers are great for a garden or a cut floral bouquet. Or, consider our Bright Flowers, Strawberries & Chocolates Box. It comes with an arrangement of gorgeous, freshly cut blooms, six strawberries covered with semisweet chocolate, and a four-piece assortment of premium chocolates.